Nerve entrapment - Carpal Tunnel - Cubital
Nerve entrapment is used to describe the entrapment of nerve fibers by pressure. The trunk, arms, or legs can be affected by this condition, which usually only affects one area. Symptoms such as pain, numbness, and muscle weakness can occur after a pinched nerve. The underlying cause of nerve entrapment is usually repetitive trauma. In addition, nerve entrapment may occur in diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes and hypothyroidism related to the thyroid gland.
Nerve entrapment is a condition caused by pressure from tissues around the nerves, such as bone, cartilage, muscle, or tendon. Nerve function is adversely affected by the effects of this pressure and symptoms such as pain, tingling, numbness or weakness may occur. There are many types of neural entrapment syndrome. This typing is done according to the nerve and the affected area. The most common nerve entrapment syndromes are:
Carpal Tunnel; Nerve entrapment Carpal Tunnel-Cubital syndrome is the most common type of nerve entrapment. This occurs because a structure called the median nerve is compressed around the wrist. This nerve runs from the upper arm to the thumb.
Causes such as wrist edema create extra pressure as the nerves pass through the tunnel, which over time can lead to the development of Nerve entrapment Carpal Tunnel, Cubital syndrome. Meralgia Paresthetica; If the "lateral femoral cutaneous nerve", the sensitive nerve in the thigh area, is subjected to pressure in the lower extremity, this can lead to a pinched nerve called meralgia paresthetica. In this disease, pain and loss of sensation occur mainly in the outer part of the thigh (in the part of the pants pocket). These symptoms are usually unilateral.
What Causes Nerve entrapment?
Nerve entrapment usually occurs due to repetitive injuries. These violations are determined specifically in relation to the person's occupation and working conditions. For example, jobs that require constant use of a keyboard and mouse, or performers who play musical instruments such as the piano, are more likely to develop Nerve entrapment Carpal Tunnel, Cubital syndrome involving the wrist.
Apart from these repetitive traumas, situations such as sudden stress or broken bones can also press on the nerves and lead to the development of nerve entrapment. Reflexes coming to the nerves from repetitive traumas and accidents may occur with disruption of blood flow feeding the nerve, edema and swelling of the surrounding tissues, damage to the myelin sheath surrounding the nerve, or structural changes in the nerve cell.
What is the Treatment of Nerve entrapment?
Nerve entrapment treatment is basically divided into two main groups as surgical and non-surgical treatment. Non-surgical treatments include medication, lifestyle changes, and physical therapy. Avoiding movements that cause pain, ergonomic working conditions at home and at work, or choosing jobs with other job profiles instead of activities that increase pain are some of the lifestyle changes that can be made to control nerve entrapment. In the case of nerve entrapment due to causes such as obesity, a reduction in body weight may help improve symptoms.