Brachial Plexus Rehabilitation
Brachial Plexus Rehabilitation is a method used for treatment in Brachial Plexus disease. This disease occurs when the nerve roots coming out of the neck region are damaged. It usually occurs during childbirth. The nerve roots coming out of the neck area form a large nerve network and this nerve network extends to the armpit. As a result of any injury to these nerve endings, paralysis occurs in the arm region. It can even reach the fingers. It may be due to a large birth interval, difficult and long-term birth, shoulder or breech presentation, traumas to the nerves, edema around the nerve, and complete rupture of the nerve from the spinal cord.
What are the Brachial Plexus Symptoms?
It is the most common nerve root involvement. This is called an Erb-Duchenne type of stroke. Babies with this type of injury cannot move their arms. They even have trouble extending and rotating their arms.
Klumpke's palsy is another type of this disease. Arms, shoulders and elbow movements are regular, but there is damage in the hand. The hand has taken the shape of a claw and continues to develop in that way. In addition, weakness occurs in this type of disease.
Erb-Klumpke is the name given to the moments of complete involvement. In these cases, the nerve roots are affected from different places. Weakness occurs in the hand and wrist, starting from the shoulder. Even complete sensory loss is possible. Brachial Plexus Rehabilitation is one of the applied treatment methods.
How Is Brachial Plexus Treated?
Brachial Plexus Rehabilitation is one of the most typical treatments used for therapeutic purposes. It is used frequently and successful results are obtained. In addition, Brachial Plexus Rehabilitation should be performed by people who have received physical therapy and rehabilitation training. Exercise has priority in rehabilitation and physical therapy. Maintaining passive joint movements, joint flexibility and muscle strength are among the things that should be done to accelerate recovery.
An exercise program is regularly applied by the physiotherapist and it is recommended that the patient be repeated at home. The family must be informed about the affected arm position. The aim should be to strengthen the baby's arm movements. Attempts are made to reduce joint stiffness in the affected arm. Mostly, this method is successful, but sometimes surgery may be required.