What is Vertigo?
Vertigo generally occurs as a result of inner ear diseases, and more rarely, as a result of disorders related to the brain and cerebellum. Generally, the balance organs in the inner ear play an important role in maintaining the balance of the body. The balance organs, which are side by side with the hearing organs, consist of 3 semicircular canals called labyrinths and two sacs. Both ears have this labyrinth structure. Forward and backward movement and gravity are sensed by the sacs, while rotation is sensed by the semicircular canals. This system of balance allows us to understand the movement of the body. When standing still, equal and harmonious sensations come to the brain from both ears. Some problems in the inner ear or other organs, which can be seen as the cause of vertigo, can disrupt these messages, and in this case, everything around us seems to be moving even though we are still. This state of dizziness is called vertigo disease.
How is Vertigo Diagnosed?
The most important symptom of vertigo is dizziness. Besides;
Abnormal movements in the eyes If the doctor diagnoses the patient with vertigo as a result of these symptoms, new tests may also be required, because this ailment may also be related to another organ. When visiting an otolaryngologist for vertigo symptoms, tests such as hearing, common ear and balance tests should be applied; According to the results, if the problem is related to the inner ear, the necessary treatment should be started. The main aim of treatment is to find and eliminate the root cause of vertigo. However, if there is no problem with the inner ear, more detailed tests should be passed or an MRI should be taken. The problem may not be related to the inner ear, the relationship between the symptoms and the brain and nervous system should be investigated. In this case, other surgical measures may be taken or a longer treatment may be required.
How Is Vertigo Treated?
There are three main methods for the treatment of vertigo. The first of these is Vestibular Rehabilitation. The Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation department tries to understand and solve what disturbs the balance in your body. Discomfort and complaints are tried to be eliminated and symptoms are tried to be eliminated. If there is a serious problem of nausea, three or five days of medication may also be administered to prevent vomiting. Cortisone vertigo drugs can be recommended to patients who have persistent attacks. If the otolaryngologist has not found any cause and the problem is related to the brain and nervous system, a surgical intervention may be required. Stress is the root cause of all kinds of problems in our life. It is also a trigger for vertigo. Although it is difficult, one should try to overcome it somehow and stay away from stress. It is very important to eat healthy and protect and strengthen the immune system. Foods such as eggs, nuts and milk should be taken adequately. In addition, taking plenty of fluids is necessary to maintain the balance of the body and not to suffer from vertigo. Sunbathing, reducing salt, and avoiding heavy sports and sudden movements also help protect you from vertigo. Sports should definitely take place in your life, but very heavy and tiring sports should be avoided.
Causes of Vertigo
Displacement of crystals in the ear is one of the most common causes of vertigo. Calcium and mineral crystals in the inner ear can be displaced by stress, fatigue or any trauma. What causes vertigo; If the crystals in the left ear are dislodged, turning to that side, if the crystals in the right ear are dislodged, then turning to the right will cause intense dizziness.
Although it lasts for a very short time, such as fifteen seconds, this dizziness is extremely disturbing, the patient may think it is an earthquake or he may think that he will die. The ear, nose and throat specialist first applies the crystal test to the individual who comes to the hospital with the symptoms of vertigo. If this is the cause of the patient's dizziness, a treatment called maneuver is applied and the problem can be completely eliminated.
The fluid in the inner ear plays a very important role in maintaining the balance of the body. Sometimes a condition such as an increase in this fluid can also cause vertigo. If there is an intense ringing in the ear or hearing loss, a short-term drug treatment is applied to the patient under the direction of an otolaryngologist. If the patient does not respond to this treatment, cortisone drugs are used and the problem is tried to be solved in this way.
Another reason is that the body is infected with a virus from the outside and this virus disrupts the body's balance. In this case, the dizziness may last much longer and the patient may need to be hospitalized. As a result of the treatment applied in the hospital, a period of fifteen days may be required for the patient to fully recover.