What is PRP?
PRP is a form of treatment made by the injection of a substance obtained from the person's own blood and consisting of the initials of the words in the expression 'Platelet Rich Plasma' in English. The injected substance is platelet-enriched plasma.
How is PRP treatment done?
PRP therapy, which takes about 30-40 minutes to complete, begins with the collection of the patient's blood in a tube. Platelet-rich plasma is used by separating it from other components of whole blood by centrifugation method. The middle part of the blood, which is separated into 3 layers after centrifugation, is PRP. PRP drawn from here to the injector is injected into the lesion site.
Why is PRP applied?
PRP is used to speed healing and reduce inflammation. The fact that it does not cause serious side effects because it is applied with the substance obtained from the person's own blood increases the applicability of PRP. Although it has been used with a wide range of indications in recent years, it is recommended to be performed especially after muscle-tendon and ligament injuries with delayed healing. It is also recommended to be applied into the calcified joint.
According to the results of the study conducted on large groups of athletes, the risk of side effects and infection is very low if the sterility condition is fully complied with. It is recommended to be used for long-standing musculoskeletal pain. The benefits of PRP have not been conclusively proven.
Areas of use in the musculoskeletal system,
Tendon injuries: Tough, thick bands of tissue that connect muscle to bone are called tendons. Usually tendons heal slowly after injury. PRP injections can be used to treat chronic tendon problems such as tennis elbow, achilles tendonitis in the ankle, or pain or inflammation of the patellar tendon in the knee.
Post-operative repair: PRP injections are sometimes used after surgery to repair a torn tendon or ligaments, such as the rotator cuff tendon in the shoulder.
Osteoarthritis (Calcification): PRP is injected into the joints of patients with osteoarthritis, such as knees and hips. According to a small number of studies, PRP injections have been found to be more effective than hyaluronic acid injections in the treatment of osteoarthritis.
What are the possible side effects of PRP?
The majority of patients can return to daily activities immediately after the procedure.
How long is the recovery time for PRP injections?
When PRP is injected into the related area after the injury, the doctor may recommend resting the affected area. However, the recommendation for rest is more related to the degree of injury. Most people are able to resume their daily activities immediately following PRP injections regardless of injury.
There is no immediate difference after PRP injections, because growth factors must first be activated. Therefore, it is expected to take effect within a few weeks or months after application.
In how many sessions is PRP treatment completed?
For the treatment of arthritis or chronic tendinitis, most patients need 2-3 sessions of PRP treatment. In acute muscle injuries, 1-2 sessions are often sufficient. Age is an important factor that determines the amount of sessions needed. Because the number of stem cells in the body will decrease as you get older, more sessions may be needed for treatment. PRP sessions are usually applied at 2-week intervals.